wines are from grape juice through the fermentation process. In grapes, nature
has given perfect chemical balance; thus, it can ferment without adding
enzymes, sugar, acids, etc.
Only five basic types of wine
exist, and all wines come under their umbrella. The five
varieties of drinks are:
- Red Wine: To the name, this type of
wine is prepared from red grapes (also known as black grapes). The grape's red
skins are left in during fermentation to make its color deeper. These wine
varieties are heavier than white wines; due to their skin, tannin content is
high. The grapes skins also add flavoring to the wine.
- White Wine: White wine is from white
grapes. White wine is also prepared with red grapes, but generally, it is made
with white grapes. The juice is extracted from the skin before the fermentation
process; in addition, the liquid does not absorb the skin color, and it has
less tannin than red wine.
- Fortified Wine: In fortified wines,
additional alcohol (generally brandy) is added for preservation. The alcohol
level (ABV - alcohol by volume) in fortified wines is between 14% to 22%. It is
popular as a dessert wine in the United States and Europe; it is called a
liqueur. Typically, the ABV of fortified wines is over 20%.
- RosA Wine: RosA wines are also made
from red grapes. In the making, the skins of the red grapes are left in for
some time to deepen their color to reddish or pinkish; this type of wine also
contains some tannin. Moreover, rose wines are also called blush wines.
- Sparkling Wine: A lot of carbon dioxide is
added to wines to give them a fizzy look. Carbon dioxide is incorporated
through the natural fermentation process or by injecting its doses. These are
called "sparkling wines.” Champagne is only a variation of it. Sparkling
wines are generally white or rose; however, sparkling red wines are also
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